Alamut castle and Ovan lake
The Castle of Assassins
Alamut Castle is one of the unique historical fortresses in Iran. The Alamut Castle, located in Alamut region in Qazvin province. The Castle was built over a cliff in altitude of 2100 meters above sea level. The cliff is above the surrounding land about 200 meters and the castle area is 20,000 square meters. This castle is one of the attractions of Qazvin province.
he Alamut Castle was the central of the intense military activity for the Shi'a Nizari Ismai'lis under the leadership of Hassan Sabbah (hasan ibn saba). Hassan Sabbah captured many fortresses and organize a strong and rigid military group in order to struggle against the government of Abbasian and the Seljuq Empire. Hassan Sabah always fought against the Abbasian caliphs and the Seljuq Empire and never obeyed them and always won in all battles. Hassan Sabah was a genius of military affairs and had many impervious castles, so his territory hadn’t been captured by any military power, until his goverment was collapsed by the Mongol invasion.
Due to its strategic position and design of the castle structure and walls, it is one of the most impervious castles. Another feature of the castle is the existence of a pond. If we completely empty the water, it is filled again with water, because of its installation of the water supply system.The castle of Alamut is called "the castle of Hassan" by the local people of Alamut region. The castle consists of two parts, the western and eastern parts in each section, which is divided into two parts: the castle and the upper castle. The length of the castle is about 120 meters and its width is variable from 10 to 35 meters in different locations. Unfortunately, there are not much remains of the castle, only 30 percent of The Alamut Castle is preserved.