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Chinese Pagoda

After historical vicissitude over the past thousand years, the Chinese Buddhist pagoda worshipped by Buddhists had developed its own forms through long-term practice. According to classification, pagodas can be roughly divided into pavilion-typed pagoda of Mahayana, dense-eave pagoda, single-floor pagoda, Lama pagoda, Vajra-based pagoda and Buddhist Pagoda of Hinayana, etc.

Originating from ancient India, as stupa in Sanskrit, pagoda is used originally as a place for enshrining or burying Buddhist relics or remains of eminent monks. Building pagoda is to enshrine and worship Buddha and other religious services. In early Han Dynasty, Indian Buddhist pagoda spread into China together with Buddhism. In combination with Chinese national and local culture, pagoda had gradually developed into various forms and styles. In the periods from the Eastern Han Dynasty to the Wei, Jin and the Southern and Northern dynasties, pagoda is the principal part of Buddhist temples. There must be a temple where a pagoda stands. By the Sui and Tang dynasties, pagoda gradually went down to the second place. Liuhe Pagoda is a typical example as one with front pagoda and rear hall.