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Sanya overview

The English-version lyrics of the Official City Song

You Are Invited To Visit Tianya-haijiao(《欢迎到天涯海角来》in Chinese)

Visit Tianya-haijiao, please.
The tropical climate here is marvelous.

Welcomed by the balmy spring breeze of Hainan Island,
Welcomed by the blooming flowers, you will laugh aloud.

From March to May, From August to October,
Fragrant flowers never past their prime.
For sure, you will remember.

Laaa yahh laaa yahh-------- Laaa yahh laaa yahh
Laaa yahh laaa yahh-------- Laaa yahh laaa yahh

Visit Tianya-haijiao, please.
Various fruits here are delicious.

A wide variety of them will astonish you,
While their unique flavors amaze you

Tangerines and bananas, pineapples and mangoes,
Tempting you to reach for them, they please your eyes.

Laaa yahh laaa yahh-------- Laaa yahh laaa yahh
Laaa yahh laaa yahh-------- Laaa yahh laaa yahh

Official City Flower: Bougainvillea

The Bougainvillea blooms in October, usually opening into small flowers described as 'hot pink' in color. The flowers usually last for eight months.

The City of Sanya is proud to exhibit this plant as its official flower. Numerous Bougainvillea have been featured in scenic spots, along streets and paths in Sanya.

More about Bougainvillea
Bougainvillea is a kind of flowering plants native to South America. The plant was discovered in Brazil in 1768.

They are thorny, woody, vines growing anywhere from 1-12 meters tall, scrambling over other plants with their hooked thorns. The thorns are tipped with a black, waxy substance. They are evergreen where rainfall occurs all year, or deciduous if there is a dry season. The leaves are alternate, simple ovate-acuminate, 4-13 cm long and 2-6 cm broad. The actual flower of the plant is small and generally white, but each cluster of three flowers is surrounded by three or six bracts with the bright colors associated with the plant, including pink, magenta, purple, red, orange, white, or yellow. Bougainvillea glabra is sometimes referred to as "paper flower" because the bracts are thin and papery. The fruit is a narrow five-lobed achene.

Bougainvillea are relatively pest-free plants, but may suffer from worms and aphids.

Official City Tree: Tamarind、Royal Poinciana

The City of Sanya is proud to exhibit these plants as its official city trees. Numerous Tamarinds have been featured in the Nanshan Buddhism Culture Tourism Zone to form quite big woods, which is quite rare because in most cases, several Tamarind will be planted in the center of a big meadow for appreciation.

More about Tamarind
It is a tropical tree, native to Africa. Interestingly, it was introduced into India so long ago that it has often been reported as indigenous there, and the specific name, "indica", also perpetuates the illusion of Indian origin. The fruit was well known to the ancient Egyptians and to the Greeks in the 4th Century B.C.E.

The tree can grow up to 20 meters (66 ft) in height, and stays evergreen in regions without a dry season, it is frost sensitive. The tree has pinnate leaves with opposite leaflets giving a billowing effect in the wind. Tamarind timber consists of hard, dark red heartwood and softer, yellowish sapwood. The leaves consist of 10–40 leaflets. The flowers are produced in racemes. The flowers are mainly yellow in color. The fruit is a brown pod-like legume, which contains a soft acidic pulp and many hard-coated seeds. The seeds can be scarified to enhance germination.

Royal Poinciana
Royal Poinciana is a species of flowering plant from the Fabaceae family, noted for its fern-like leaves and flamboyant display of flowers. Often grown as an ornamental tree and given the name Royal Poinciana or Flamboyant, it is also known as Krishnachura, Gulmohar, Peacock Flower, Flame of the Forest, , and one of several named the Flame tree. The species was previously placed in a genus Poinciana, named for Phillippe de Longvilliers de Poincy who is credited with introducing the plant to the Americas.

The tree's vivid red/vermilion/orange/yellow flowers and bright green foliage make it an exceptionally striking sight.

The Royal Poinciana is endemic to Madagascar, where it is found in the Madagascar dry deciduous forests. In the wild it is endangered, but it is widely cultivated elsewhere. In addition to its ornamental value, it is also a useful shade tree in tropical conditions, because it usually grows to a modest height (typically around 5 m, though it can reach as high as 12 m) but spreads widely, and its dense foliage provides full shade. In areas with a marked dry season, it sheds its leaves during the drought, but in other areas it is virtually evergreen.

The flowers are large, with four spreading scarlet or orange-red petals up to 8 cm long, and a fifth upright petal called the standard, which is slightly larger and spotted with yellow and white. The naturally occurring variety flavida has yellow flowers. Seed pods are dark brown and can be up to 60 cm long and 5 cm wide; the individual seeds, however, are small, weighing around 0.4 g on average. The compound leaves have a feathery appearance and are a characteristic light, bright green. They are doubly pinnate: Each leaf is 30-50 cm long and has 20 to 40 pairs of primary leaflets or pinnae on it, and each of these is further divided into 10-20 pairs of secondary leaflets or pinnules.

The Royal Poinciana requires a tropical or near-tropical climate, but can tolerate drought and salty conditions. It is very widely grown in the Caribbean, Hong Kong, the Canary Islands, Taiwan and southern China, and is also the city tree of Tainan, Taiwan and Xiamen, Fujian Province, People's Republic of China. National Cheng Kung University, a university located in Tainan, put Royal Poinciana on its emblem. It also grows throughout southern Brazil, with ornamental trees in Rio Grande de Sul In the United States, it grows only in South Florida, Southwest Florida, the Rio Grande Valley of South Texas, ranging from the low deserts of Southern Arizona (to as high as Tucson), Southern California, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, where it is the official tree of the islands. It is much adored in the Caribbean; for example, many Puerto Rican paintings feature Flamboyant Trees. The Poinciana is also the national flower of St. Kitts and Nevis.

The Royal Poinciana is regarded as naturalised in many of the locations where it is grown, and is seen by some as an invasive species in some parts of Australia, partly because its dense shade and root system prevent the growth of other species under it. It is also found in India, where it is referred to as the Gulmohar, or Gul Mohr. In West Bengal (India) and Bangladesh it is called Krishnachura.

The seed pods of the Royal Poincianas are used in the Caribbean as a percussion instrument known as the shak-shak or maraca.

Sanya today

Sanya is now undoubtedly on of the best destinations for tour, vacation and leisure time in China. Being the only tropical coastal city of tourism, Sanya is a garden city all year round, a center of fashion business and exhibition, a city of leisure time and activities, and a place boasting the longevity of its residents.

Sanya is superb as a tropical garden city of good environment. It is a sunny city that has more than 300 days of sunlight in a year. Warm winters and not-so-hot summers guarantee that this place has blooming flowers all year round. The rate of forest cover in the area of Sanya is 64.4%, and the public green space cover in the urban area is 44.6%. The quality of air and environment of Sanya ranks first among all cities in China. According to the air quality survey over 148 cities of 45 countries by the UN from 1998 to 2003, Sanya claims the first place in Asia, and second place in the world.

Sanya is a leading destination for tour, vacation and leisure time partly because of gorgeous sun sheen, sea view and beach, partly because of the world-class hotels, resort and spa centers, golf courses, diving places, and some nationally renowned scenic spots here. It is also a favorite place of MICE, which means meetings, incentives, conventions and exhibitions.

Every year, Sanya will be in the limelight of mass media in some months for various cultural activities, fashion shows, and sports events here. The Miss World pageant in 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2007 greatly raised the global awareness of Sanya.

In short, Sanya will give you a romantic and happy memory because it is a tropical paradise on Asian coast.