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Cultural Revolution

The political upheaval with "Cultural Revolution" that began officially on May 16th, wrongly launched by Chairman Mao, who originally intended to eradicate what he thought the faction on capitalist line and revisionists in power within the Party and attacked on bureaucracy, resulted in chaos in the cities and economic disruption. From summer 1966 onwards, power seizures, struggles between rival groups of Red Guards and between radicals and their opponents plunged the cities into administrative disorders. In January 1967, Chairman Mao ordered People's Liberation Army to restore order.


In 1971, Chairman Mao smashed the conspiracy by Lin Biao's clique.